Thursday, 5 December 2019, 11:43 AM
Site: Becker Bible Teacher Resources
Course: Becker Bible Teacher Resources (Scholar)
Glossary: Main Glossary
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Sacerdotalism

The exaltation of priests by attributing to them divine powers. As the dispensers of these powers of grace through sacraments, they assume the right to exclude from heaven or to include those who are submissive to their authority, to turn ordinary bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ, and to be the representatives of God on earth. Thus, personal salvation is impossible according to this false belief; only through the godlike-priest can the grace of sacraments be received.

Sacral

Common religious loyalty that binds believers together. Those within a sacral society are all the members within that societ committed to common religion.

Sadducees

A Jewish social-religious sect whose religiously conservative, aristocratic members believed they were descendants of Sadok, the high priest of Solomon. Their interpretation of Scripture was literal, and they strove to maintain the ancient Hebrew teachings concerning the Torah. They rejected the concepts of the hidden mysteries of the LORD God, as well as the concepts of the resurrection of the dead and of an afterlife. They believed that the LORD God meted out reward and punishment on earth, and upon death, life quit existing.

Sadness

Feelings originating from the opposition to what is loved when it befalls1 (See Joy, Fear, Desire)

 

 

Reference:

Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, The City of God, trans., Marcus Dods, Modern Library Paperback ed. (New York: Random House, Inc., 2000), 449.

Salvation

Deliverance from the effects and power and of sin and judgment of death. It involves the redemption of the whole man, and is offered freely to all who accept Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, who by His own blood obtained eternal redemption for the believer. In its broadest sense salvation includes regeneration, justification, sanctification, and glorification. There is no salvation apart from personal faith in Jesus Christ as Risen Lord and Savior.

Salvation Phases:

Justification - Past (Phase 1) I Have Been Saved from the penalty of sin (FREE) (Christian)

Sanctification - Present (Phase 2) I Am Being Saved from the power of sin (Costly) (Disciple)

Glorification - Future (Phase 3) I Will Be Saved from the presence of sin (Face-to-Face) (Glorified Bodies)

Sanctification

Sanctification is the experience, beginning in regeneration, by which the believer is set apart to God's purposes, and is enabled to progress toward moral and spiritual maturity through the presence and power of the Holy Spirit dwelling in him.

Salvation Phases:

Justification - Past (Phase 1) I Have Been Saved from the penalty of sin (FREE) (Christian)

Sanctification - Present (Phase 2) I Am Being Saved from the power of sin (Costly) (Disciple)

Glorification - Future (Phase 3) I Will Be Saved from the presence of sin (Face-to-Face) (Glorified Bodies)

Second Temple Era

The Second Temple was the center of Jewish sacrificial worship which stood in Jerusalem between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It was built after the First Temple was destroyed in 586 BCE when the Jewish nation was exiled to Babylon. It is the time that the Lord Jesus Christ walked upon earth, and the period in which the Gospels were written.

Secular

Worldly, carnal or physical environment of life that is not substantially influenced by Christianity.

Sensus Plenior

The Latin word for a deeper allegorical, typological, symbolic, or mystical meaning intended to be relayed by God through His Word that was unknown to the original human author's literal meaning.

Shema Yisrael

Important Jewish prayer, an affirmation of Judaism and a declaration of faith in one God, that focuses upon Deuteronomy 6:4-9:

"Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:  And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.  And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates."

This prayer is spoken day and night, and taught to the youngsters at bedtime, as well as posted upon their doorposts on a script on a small scroll which is then rolled up and put inside a mezuzah  (The entire shema daily prayers include Deuteronomy 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and Numbers 13:37-41).

Jesus references this prayer and adds to it for His followers sake in Mark 12:29-31:

"And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.  And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these."