Main Glossary


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Antinomianism

An extreme belief that church officials misuse the grace of God to excuse sin and should be disregarded. The belief of salvation through grace alone as the only requirement for salvation, with an additional rejection of religious authority that dictates moral or traditional standards. Antinomianism leads to the support of "lawlessness" in disobeying religious authority which is in direct opposition to the expressed will of God to obey the leaders  He has placed in authority over others.

Apostasy

Active rejection, desertion or revolt of previous belief.


Apostate

A person that forsakes previous belief.


Apostle

An ambassador of the Gospel that spreads His Word as commissioned by Jesus Christ.


Apostle's Creed

An early statement of Christian belief that dates back to about a half century after the last of the New Testament writings (AD 500). This creed is traditionally chanted and widely accepted among most Christian churches.

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, the Maker of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord:

Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried;

He descended into hell. The third day He arose again from the dead;He ascended into heaven,
and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting.

Amen.


Apostolate

The dignified office of an apostle. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Pope heads the Apostolic See, bishops assume mission as Apostolates in their dioceses, and the laity organize their devotions to the mission of the church.

Apostolic

Possessing the dignified characteristic of an Apostle commissioned by Jesus Christ as an ambassador to the Gospel. It is often the term used to describe the succession of spiritual authority from the apostles to Church authority, an important ingredient for validation of sacraments and orders.

Apostolic Age

The earliest period of Christianity that lasted to the death of the last of the twelve apostles, which dates from the crucifixion of Jesus Christ to the death of Apostle John in c. 115.

Apostolic Fathers

The fathers of the early Christian church whose lives overlapped those of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and the collection of works that are attributed to them.

Apostolic See

An episcopal see whose foundation derives from one of the apostles efforts.

The five major sees

Rome, in Italy (Saint Peter and Paul the Apostle)

Constantinople, now Istanbul in present-day Turkey (Saint Andrew)

Alexandria, in present-day Egypt (Saint Mark the Evangelist)

Antioch, in present-day Turkey (Saint Peter)

Jerusalem, in the Holy Land (Saint Peter and Saint James)

There are also some other minor sees that claim their origins begin with Apostles and claim their right to be called an Apostolic See.

Other Claims

Aquileia, in northeastern Italy (Mark the Evangelist)

Archdiocese of Athens, Greece (Saint Paul)

Armenian Apostolic Church (Thaddeus (Jude the Apostle) and Bartholomew the Apostle)

Corinth, in Greece (Saint Paul)

Ephesus, in present-day Turkey (John the Apostle)

Malta (Saint Paul)

Paphos, in Cyprus (Barnabas and Paul)

Philippi, in Greece (Saint Paul)

Saint Thomas Christians (Thomas the Apostle)

See of Milan, in northwestern Italy (Barnabas the Apostle)

See of Syracuse, in Sicily (Saint Peter)

Seleucia-Ctesiphon, in present-day Iraq (Thomas the Apostle, Bartholomew the Apostle, and Thaddeus of Edessa)

Thessaloniki, in Greece (Saint Paul)



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