Main Glossary

Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

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Celestial Hierarchy

A corpus within the Dionysian writings which presents the angelic hierarchy in three triads of seraphim, cherubim and thrones; dominions, powers and authorities; principalities, archangels and angels.
Entry link: Celestial Hierarchy



The study of mankind's past human existence through intellectual classification in the fields of natural science and humanities. The four main divisions of anthropology study are biology, culture, archaeology, and linguistics.
Entry link: Anthropology

Ethiopian Jews

The Axumite Jewish empire in Ethiopia was started by Manelik, storied son King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, according to an ancient myth. The Jewish Axumites say that when Moses led the Hebrews out of Egypt, some of them had gone south instead of east, claiming Ethiopia to be the holy land of God. Pharisaic Judaism did not reach Ethiopia, so the Jewish religion was based solely on the Torah and never developed a rabbinical law. Legend speaks of the hiding of the Ark of the Covenant, which, which was thought that Solomon had given to Manelik for safekeeping on the shores of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile (Hill, 106). (See Manelik)


Hill, Jonathan. Zondervan Handbook to the History of Christianity. Oxford: Lion Publishing, 2006.

Entry link: Ethiopian Jews


The holy language of the Jews is the earliest recorded Semitic language that all other semitic formed languages (Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Akkadian, Ge'ez, Hebrew, Ethiopic, Phoenician, Maltese, Tigre, Tigrinya and others) are based. The Torah is written in Biblical Hebrew and it was one of the languages spoken at the time of Jesus Christ. A modern form of Hebrew is currently spoken by Israelites, and has been used in prayer and study throughout Jewish communities for over two thousand years.
Entry link: Hebrew


A distinctive culture plus time with complex and extensive traditions that are passed on through multi-generations.

Entry link: Nation


The Philistines were a tribe allied to the Phoenicians. They were a primitive race which spread over the whole district of Lebanon, the valley of Jordan, Crete and other Mediterranean islands. In the time of Abraham, they inhabited the south-west of Judea and Abimelech of Gerar was their king. They were a powerful tribe and made frequent incursions against the Hebrews, and there was almost always a war going on between them.

They were not subdued until the time of King Hezekiah, however, they continued to occupy their territory and show hatred toward Israel. The Philistines are called Fulsata or Pulista on the Egyptian monuments and the land of the Philistines (Philistia) was termed Palastu and Pilista in Assyrian inscriptions. From Philistia, the name of the land of the Philistines came to eventually be known as “Palestine.”
Entry link: Philistines


Ancient Ink

Created by combining charcoal, gum Arabic, and water and applied to papyrus, parchment, potsherds, stone, or clay.
Entry link: Ancient Ink


The 'soul friend' of the Celtic religion is an important element, where every monk would have his own mentor to help and advise him. This practice in Irish Christianity was retained from Celtic paganism, where a druid would act as a spiritual adviser to a younger person.

Entry link: Anmchara


Denotes the primitive period before the Flood recorded in Genesis 7.

Entry link: Antediluvian


Ascetics that live together in small groups.

Entry link: Apotaktikoi

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