Main Glossary


Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

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ARCHAEOLOGY (CULTURES)

Obelisk

A four-sided pillar of stone that usually tapers to a pyramidal top.

Ostraca

The technical term for potsherds whose fragments contain writing. Inscriptions of this type are usually found scratched into the sherds or written with ink.

Papyrus

Delicate parchments made from a reed plant were the most commonly used writing materials in ancient times. Papyrus documents have survived if they were stored in exceptional conditions like dry areas, sealed tombs, buried under hot desert sands or stored in jars within caves like those in the Dead Sea Region.

Parchment

Prepared skins of animals (usually sheep or goats) that was one kind of material used for writings of sacred or other literature, as well as private and commercial letters written with ink.

Potsherds (Sherds)

Broken pieces of clay pottery used for the writing of common things, they were the poor man's postcard because of their abundance.

Quirinus

The ancient Roman god of war identified with deified Romulus, an embodiment of the Roman nation.

Second Temple Era

The Second Temple was the center of Jewish sacrificial worship which stood in Jerusalem between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It was built after the First Temple was destroyed in 586 BCE when the Jewish nation was exiled to Babylon. It is the time that the Lord Jesus Christ walked upon earth, and the period in which the Gospels were written.

Silver Scrolls

The oldest portion of the Bible so far discovered was found inscribed upon silver scrolls taken from a tomb in the Hinnom Valley. Found in 1979 by Gabriel Barkay, the tiny silver scrolls contained a text of Scripture from the Pentateuch (the Aaronic benediction of Numbers 6:24-26 - The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: 25 The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace), which predated the Judean exile. This find posed a problem to critical scholars, who argued that priests had authored most of the Pentateuch after the Judean exile. As a result, critical scholars must now adjust or reformulate their theory concerning the authorship of the Pentateuch.

Stone Inscriptions

Usually written as monumental inscriptions in association with public buildings, to commemorate some special event (victory or dedication), or in connection with burials (to preserve a name or memorial). They range in size from huge obelisks, statues, and wall panels in Egyptian temples to smaller documents on oblong cylinders used for Mesopotamian records. They are the best-preserved inscriptions are found on these substances from the past.

Tell

An unnatural mound created by repeated destruction and rebuilding of ancient cities and villages on the same site.


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