Main Glossary


Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

Browse the glossary using this index

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F

Factual Error

Wrong about facts without reaching the level of fallacy in an argument.

Faith

The condition of believing and trusting in a perceived truth. Christian faith is the substance of things hoped for, and the evidence of things not seen, through the promise of eternal life through Jesus Christ (Hebrews 11).

Fallacy

An error in reasoning. It is an argument in which the conclusion is not supported by the premise(s).

Fallacy - Ad Hominem

Also known as Ad Hominem Abusive, Personal Attack

A fallacy in which a claim or argument is rejected because of a personal issue of the presenter of the claim or argument.

1. Person A makes claim X.
2. Person B attacks character, circumstances or actions of Person A
3. Fallacy - Person A's claim is judged false

Fallacy - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque

Also known as "You Too Fallacy"

When an argument is concluded false because it is inconsistent with previous actions or words.

1. Person A makes claim X
2. Person B points out the inconsistent past actions or claims removes the chance of truth concerning claim X
3. Fallacy: Inconsistent past claim makes claim X false.

A hypocrite can still make a truthful claim as long as there is not a pair of inconsistent claims together where only one can be truth.

Fasting

An abstinence of eating in discipline to approach and know God more intimately.

Father God

The LORD God as Father reigns with providential care over His universe, His creatures, and the flow of the stream of human history according to the purposes of His grace. He is all powerful, all knowing, all loving, and all wise. God is Father in truth to those who become children of God through the Spirit of Adoption by their faith in Jesus Christ.

Fear

The fleeing from opposition to what is loved1 (See Joy, Desire, Sadness)

 

 

Reference:

Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, The City of God, trans., Marcus Dods, Modern Library Paperback ed. (New York: Random House, Inc., 2000), 449.


Filioque Clause

A disputed clause that was added to the Nicene Creed that formed a divisive chasm between the Eastern churches and the West during the Middle Ages. In the East believers declared their faith in the Holy Spirit 'who proceeds from the father', while in the West the Holy Spirit is professed, 'who proceeds from the father and the Son' (in Latin: filoque). By the time of the split of the Roman Catholic Church from the Eastern Orthodox Church in 1054, it became part of the Western creed and a grievance of the East.

Font

A symbol of a water fountain, it is a receptacle in a church that contains the water used in sprinkled baptism or holds the blessed holy water used in religious ceremony.


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