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Icon

Highly stylized portrait of Christ or the saints, intended to focus the mind of the viewer upon their subject and encourage imitation of their virtues. The beautiful icons of the Byzantine era were created to become literal windows to Heaven, work miracles. and to look upon its representation. Icons did not portray the presence of God in people's lives, but rather, they enabled the presence of God to come to believers, as their beauty was contemplated. The veneration of the idols suggested that through them God was worshipped; just as through the man Jesus, God was worshipped. (Hill, 135, 141).

Bibliography

Hill, Jonathan. "Early Christianity: A World Religion." Handbook to the History of Christianity. Zondervan, 2006.

Iconclasm

The deliberate destruction of religious icons within a culture by the culture often as a result of major domestic, political, or religious changes.

Idea

An attractive thought, concept, or theory that is uniquely novel to the thinker (See Ethics)


Idol

A material object or image representing a false deity that is given worship, adoration, or devotion

Idolater

A worshiper of an idol

Idolothyta

The institutional practice that places meat before the Idol.


Idols of the Cave

Fallacies derived from prejudice and personal biased thought. For example, human beings have weak reasoning abilities due to particular personality traits, likes, and dislikes.(See Idols of the Mind)

Idols of the Marketplace

(Also called Idols of the Forum) - Fallacies derived from cultural customs. An example might be confusions between the language of science and the language of common use that cause conflict in meanings.(See Idols of the Mind)

Idols of the Mind

Sir Francis Bacon listed four Idols of the Mind which obstructed the path of correct scientific reasoning for his Baconian method of research of phenomenon (a precursor to the development of the scientific method). These four idols included:

1) Idols of the Tribe (Idola Tribus) - Fallacies derived from the nature of man and his social organization.

2) Idols of the Cave (Idola Specus) - Fallacies derived from prejudice and personal biased thought.

3) Idols of the Marketplace (Idola Fori) (Also called Idols of the Forum) - Fallacies derived from cultural customs.

4) Idols of the Theater - Fallacies resulting from traditional beliefs and techniques.

Idols of the Theater

Fallacies resulting from traditional beliefs and techniques. Following after academic dogma and failing to ask questions of the common and natural world is an example of this.(See Idols of the Mind)



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