Main Glossary


Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

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R

Rapture

The mostly pretribulationism belief that the Lord Jesus Christ will come for Christians before the wrath of God is visited upon the world in tribulation in the last days.

“But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.” (1 Thessalonians 4:14-18 AV)

Reaching People

Making contact with unsaved people and motivating them to listen to the Gospel with honest ears

Recapitulation

Summarizing and restating the main points of something.  Irenaeus's key theological idea of recapitulation combined with Ephesians 1:10, reveals the Lord Jesus Christ as the climax of the LORD God's salvation plan and harmonizes the Old and New Testaments as one complete works by Him.


Redaction Criticism

Hermeneutical interpretation that determines the premise (reason) that the author writes. (See Hermeneutics)


Reformation, Classical

Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, John Knox, Thomas Krammer in England and others participate in the Classical Reformation (sometimes called Magisterial Reformation).  This type of reform is called calssical because they maintain the union between church and state.


Reformation, Counter

The Roman Catholic response to the criticism of the Classical Reformers.  They tried to clean up some of the corrupt and faulty parts of the church; but, it was only an internal effort that did not address theological issues.


Reformation, Radical

Unlike Calssical reformation, radical reform separates the church from the state.  They believed the same theological doctrines as Lutheran, Calvin, and other Classical reformers, except for this one difference. Radical Reformers are also known as Anabaptists.


Regeneration

Regeneration, or New Birth, is a work of God's grace whereby believers become new creatures in Christ Jesus at the moment a faithful believer is resurrected out of the Baptismal waters. The Baptism of Jesus Christ brings death to sin, and becomes the grave to which faithful believers in Jesus Christ's own Resurrection, are Born Again as they come up out of the waters. This regenerative process brings a change of heart, and a new life able to receive and be guided by the Holy Spirit.

Repentance

A genuine turning away from sin and toward God. Repentance and faith are inseparable experiences, necessary to receive the Grace of the LORD God.


Replacement Theology

The belief of some Christians (prevalent among many conservative Presbyterian denominations as well as some liberal Christian churches) that God abandoned the Jewish people as a result of their disobedience and chose instead the Christian Church as the bearer of His grace as the new Chosen people. This belief of God's rejection of the Jewish people creates a fertile ground for the proliferation of anti-Semitism which has historically developed as a result.



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