Main Glossary

Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

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The exaltation of priests by attributing to them divine powers. As the dispensers of these powers of grace through sacraments, they assume the right to exclude from heaven or to include those who are submissive to their authority, to turn ordinary bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ, and to be the representatives of God on earth. Thus, personal salvation is impossible according to this false belief; only through the godlike-priest can the grace of sacraments be received.
Entry link: Sacerdotalism


Common religious loyalty that binds believers together. Those within a sacral society are all the members within that societ committed to common religion.

Entry link: Sacral


A Jewish social-religious sect whose religiously conservative, aristocratic members believed they were descendants of Sadok, the high priest of Solomon. Their interpretation of Scripture was literal, and they strove to maintain the ancient Hebrew teachings concerning the Torah. They rejected the concepts of the hidden mysteries of the LORD God, as well as the concepts of the resurrection of the dead and of an afterlife. They believed that the LORD God meted out reward and punishment on earth, and upon death, life quit existing.

Entry link: Sadducees


Feelings originating from the opposition to what is loved when it befalls1 (See Joy, Fear, Desire)




Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, The City of God, trans., Marcus Dods, Modern Library Paperback ed. (New York: Random House, Inc., 2000), 449.

Entry link: Sadness


Deliverance from the effects and power and of sin and judgment of death. It involves the redemption of the whole man, and is offered freely to all who accept Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, who by His own blood obtained eternal redemption for the believer. In its broadest sense salvation includes regeneration, justification, sanctification, and glorification. There is no salvation apart from personal faith in Jesus Christ as Risen Lord and Savior.

Salvation Phases:

Justification - Past (Phase 1) I Have Been Saved from the penalty of sin (FREE) (Christian)

Sanctification - Present (Phase 2) I Am Being Saved from the power of sin (Costly) (Disciple)

Glorification - Future (Phase 3) I Will Be Saved from the presence of sin (Face-to-Face) (Glorified Bodies)
Entry link: Salvation


Sanctification is the experience, beginning in regeneration, by which the believer is set apart to God's purposes, and is enabled to progress toward moral and spiritual maturity through the presence and power of the Holy Spirit dwelling in him.

Salvation Phases:

Justification - Past (Phase 1) I Have Been Saved from the penalty of sin (FREE) (Christian)

Sanctification - Present (Phase 2) I Am Being Saved from the power of sin (Costly) (Disciple)

Glorification - Future (Phase 3) I Will Be Saved from the presence of sin (Face-to-Face) (Glorified Bodies)
Entry link: Sanctification

Second Temple Era

The Second Temple was the center of Jewish sacrificial worship which stood in Jerusalem between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It was built after the First Temple was destroyed in 586 BCE when the Jewish nation was exiled to Babylon. It is the time that the Lord Jesus Christ walked upon earth, and the period in which the Gospels were written.
Entry link: Second Temple Era


Worldly, carnal or physical environment of life that is not substantially influenced by Christianity.
Entry link: Secular

Sensus Plenior

The Latin word for a deeper allegorical, typological, symbolic, or mystical meaning intended to be relayed by God through His Word that was unknown to the original human author's literal meaning.

Entry link: Sensus Plenior

Shema Yisrael

Important Jewish prayer, an affirmation of Judaism and a declaration of faith in one God, that focuses upon Deuteronomy 6:4-9:

"Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:  And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.  And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates."

This prayer is spoken day and night, and taught to the youngsters at bedtime, as well as posted upon their doorposts on a script on a small scroll which is then rolled up and put inside a mezuzah  (The entire shema daily prayers include Deuteronomy 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and Numbers 13:37-41).

Jesus references this prayer and adds to it for His followers sake in Mark 12:29-31:

"And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.  And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these."


Entry link: Shema Yisrael


Miracle with a message
Entry link: Sign

Silver Scrolls

The oldest portion of the Bible so far discovered was found inscribed upon silver scrolls taken from a tomb in the Hinnom Valley. Found in 1979 by Gabriel Barkay, the tiny silver scrolls contained a text of Scripture from the Pentateuch (the Aaronic benediction of Numbers 6:24-26 - The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: 25 The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace), which predated the Judean exile. This find posed a problem to critical scholars, who argued that priests had authored most of the Pentateuch after the Judean exile. As a result, critical scholars must now adjust or reformulate their theory concerning the authorship of the Pentateuch.
Entry link: Silver Scrolls


Failing to live up to or violating the laws of the LORD God through transgression, unrighteousness, omission of known duty, faithlessness, or foolishness in an act, thought or state.
Entry link: Sin

Social Darwinism

The concept of "Survival of the Fittest" first coined by sociologist Herbert Spencer.
Entry link: Social Darwinism


A group of people who share a culture and a territory.
Entry link: Society

Source Criticism

Hermeneutic interpretation of Biblical texts that tries to determine other sources used by the author to write the manuscript. (See Hermeneutics)

Entry link: Source Criticism

Spencer, Herbert

(27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) A prominent, liberal, sociological theorist and English philosopher in the Victorian era who believed that societies evolve from lower ("barbarian") to higher ("civilized") forms. He felt that if you helped the lower classes you interfere with this natural process. He also believed that the fittest members will produce a more advanced society - unless misguided do-gooders get in the way and help the less fit survive. He coined the term "Social Darwinism" which is the "survival of the fittest".1


1Henslin, J. (2010). Sociology: A down-to-earth approach (10th ed.) Boston, Massachusetts: Allyn & Bacon. ISBN-13: 978-0-205-68862-3.

Entry link: Spencer, Herbert

Spiritual Conviction

Ethics that do not change and are based upon a foundation that is beyond the personal preferences of an individual. The Word of God is the only foundation of Truth that true spiritual conviction is based (See Ethics)
Entry link: Spiritual Conviction

St. John Lateran (Golden Basilica)

Constantine turned the old Lateran Palace in Rome into this church. The architecture followed the style of basilicas closely, and was filled with treasure befitting its beauty. Rebuilt many times, it remains the Catholic cathedral of Rome.
Entry link: St. John Lateran (Golden Basilica)

Stone Inscriptions

Usually written as monumental inscriptions in association with public buildings, to commemorate some special event (victory or dedication), or in connection with burials (to preserve a name or memorial). They range in size from huge obelisks, statues, and wall panels in Egyptian temples to smaller documents on oblong cylinders used for Mesopotamian records. They are the best-preserved inscriptions are found on these substances from the past.
Entry link: Stone Inscriptions

Summum Bonum

(Latin) The highest or chief good (spoken of in Ecclesiastes)
Entry link: Summum Bonum

Symbolic Interactionism

Views symbols or things to which we attach meaning, as the basis of social life.
Entry link: Symbolic Interactionism


A Syrian living in Phoenicia

Entry link: Syro-Phoenician

Systematic Theology

Summarizes biblical and historical theology, and seeks to build an organic, consistent and truthful system with our knowledge of God and His relationship with the universe revealed in both Scripture and nature
Entry link: Systematic Theology

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