Main Glossary

Words matter! Know the meanings of the words you speak, write, preach and teach to perfectly accomplish the things the LORD God wills.

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Miracle with a message
Entry link: Sign

Silver Scrolls

The oldest portion of the Bible so far discovered was found inscribed upon silver scrolls taken from a tomb in the Hinnom Valley. Found in 1979 by Gabriel Barkay, the tiny silver scrolls contained a text of Scripture from the Pentateuch (the Aaronic benediction of Numbers 6:24-26 - The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: 25 The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace), which predated the Judean exile. This find posed a problem to critical scholars, who argued that priests had authored most of the Pentateuch after the Judean exile. As a result, critical scholars must now adjust or reformulate their theory concerning the authorship of the Pentateuch.
Entry link: Silver Scrolls


Failing to live up to or violating the laws of the LORD God through transgression, unrighteousness, omission of known duty, faithlessness, or foolishness in an act, thought or state.
Entry link: Sin

Social Darwinism

The concept of "Survival of the Fittest" first coined by sociologist Herbert Spencer.
Entry link: Social Darwinism


A group of people who share a culture and a territory.
Entry link: Society

Source Criticism

Hermeneutic interpretation of Biblical texts that tries to determine other sources used by the author to write the manuscript. (See Hermeneutics)

Entry link: Source Criticism

Spencer, Herbert

(27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) A prominent, liberal, sociological theorist and English philosopher in the Victorian era who believed that societies evolve from lower ("barbarian") to higher ("civilized") forms. He felt that if you helped the lower classes you interfere with this natural process. He also believed that the fittest members will produce a more advanced society - unless misguided do-gooders get in the way and help the less fit survive. He coined the term "Social Darwinism" which is the "survival of the fittest".1


1Henslin, J. (2010). Sociology: A down-to-earth approach (10th ed.) Boston, Massachusetts: Allyn & Bacon. ISBN-13: 978-0-205-68862-3.

Entry link: Spencer, Herbert

Spiritual Conviction

Ethics that do not change and are based upon a foundation that is beyond the personal preferences of an individual. The Word of God is the only foundation of Truth that true spiritual conviction is based (See Ethics)
Entry link: Spiritual Conviction

St. John Lateran (Golden Basilica)

Constantine turned the old Lateran Palace in Rome into this church. The architecture followed the style of basilicas closely, and was filled with treasure befitting its beauty. Rebuilt many times, it remains the Catholic cathedral of Rome.
Entry link: St. John Lateran (Golden Basilica)

Stone Inscriptions

Usually written as monumental inscriptions in association with public buildings, to commemorate some special event (victory or dedication), or in connection with burials (to preserve a name or memorial). They range in size from huge obelisks, statues, and wall panels in Egyptian temples to smaller documents on oblong cylinders used for Mesopotamian records. They are the best-preserved inscriptions are found on these substances from the past.
Entry link: Stone Inscriptions

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